Your skin is a natural barrier against infection and a severe burn can compromise that protection. The treatment of second and third degree burns* usually is centered on preventing or treating infections. Even minor burns are subject to complications.
Depending on the severity of the burn, treatment may range from the application of ointments for minor burns to debridement and skin grafts for severe burns. Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) may be indicated for second and third degree burns over more than 18% of the body surface area. Treating these burns within 24 hours of occurrence can make skin grafts unnecessary and can help reduce the patient’s pain.
R3’S TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR BURN PATIENTS INCLUDE:
First-degree burns affect the outer layer of the skin only, causing pain and redness. Mild sunburn is a first-degree burn.
Second-degree burns extend to the second layer of the skin, resulting in blisters that may break and ooze.
Third-degree burns damage the skin and may also damage the underlying bones, muscles, and tendons. These burns are generally painless because the nerve endings are destroyed.
Fourth-degree burns extend through the skin and subcutaneous fat into the underlying muscle and bone. They are treated in specialized burn units in hospitals.